The tradition of having a pine tree as a Christmas Tree is believed to come from Germany. Since the medieval time, lighting a candle on a tree is common to welcome guests. Such practice has evolved into the Christmas celebration.
The formal Christmas Tree was introduced to England about 100 years ago when Queen Victoria married German Albert. The evidence of Victoria's love for Albert is not only expressed through inheriting the German tradition of having a Christmas Tree but also through the gold Albert Statues that Victoria had ordered to built for Albert, standing in many places in London. In America, the Christmas Tree idea was brought by German immigrants too.
The custom of sending Christmas cards was initiated in England around 1850. The first cards were decorated with elaborate designs of flowers, birds and landscapes.
As for Saint Nicholas, or Santa Claus, the story goes back to the third century.
Legend has it, Saint Nicholas dedicated all his life to helping mankind, especially children. He died on December 6, which marks the Saint Nicholas Day in many European countries and that was when gifts were given to children. Saint Nicholas bears many different names, such as Father Christmas in the UK, San Nicolas in the Netherlands, Le Pere Noel in France, and Kriss Kringle in Germany.
He also arrives on different dates to deliver presents to children in different countries, typically from chimneys. The chimney story was this: Santa flew over house tops in a sleigh, he dropped coins by accident and they landed in some stockings hanging next to the fireplace to dry. From then on, red stockings were hung by the chimney in hopes that Santa would fill them with gifts.
1. The passage is most probably taken from ______.
A. a history book B. a geography book
C. a folk story book D. a book on culture
2. Which of the following descriptions about Santa Clause is NOT right according to the passage?
A. In the UK, Santa Claus is Father Christmas.
B. Santa Claus usually delivers presents to children through chimneys.
C. Santa Claus became known to the British about 170 years ago.
D. Santa Claus was devoted to helping mankind.
3. We can infer from the passage that ______.
A. England is the birthplace of pine trees
B. Santa Claus was very popular among children
C. it was the Germans who brought the Christmas tree to the United states
D. Santa Claus is someone only existi ng in people’s imagination
It is often easy to feel overwhelmed (受打击的)in the face of species loss and habitat destruction. The problem is large and complex, and it's natural for individuals to feel powerless. Yet, everything you do is vitally important. It may not seem to amount to much in the grand scheme of things, but your seemingly small actions, added together, can make a big difference. Here are some things you can do:
Protect Wildlife Habitat. Perhaps the greatest threat to many species is the widespread destruction of habitats. Farming, development, and cutting down of forests all result in loss of wildlife habitats. In areas where rare species live, habitat destruction can quickly force a species to extinction. By protecting habitat, entire communities of animals can also be protected together. Parks, reserves, and other protected lands are too often the only places left untouched by habitat destruction.
Reduce the threat of invasive (入侵的) species. The spread of non-native species has greatly reduced native populations around the world. Invasive species compete with native species for resources and habitats. They can even prey on native species directly, greatly reducing their population. one way to reduce the threat of invasive species is to grow native plan ts in your garden and to welcome native animals into your yard.
Place bird-shaped paper on your windows. It is estimated that as many as one billion birds in the United States die each year due to collisions with windows. You can help reduce the number of collisions simply by placing bird-shaped paper on your windows. Other simple steps you can take are to draw the shades and curtains during brightest parts of the day, and put screens on the outside of the windows.
Slow down when driving. Many native animals live in developed areas, in other words, close to humans. Roads are a particularly big danger to them: animals are at risk every time they try to cross. So when you’re out and about, slow down, and keep an eye out for wildlife.
4. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. How Do Animals Become Extinct?
B. The Importance of Protecting Wildlife.
C. What Can We Do to Protect Wild life?
D. New Ways of Saving Endangered Animals.
5. The main idea of the second paragraph is ______.
A. more parks and reserves should be built
B. we should keep wildlife habitats from destruction
C. conditions of parks and reserves have been improved
D. parks and reserves are best ways of protecting
6. People are advised to put bird-shaped paper on their windows to ______.
A. beautify their houses
B. protect the windows from birds[来源:Zxxk.Com]
C. attract more birds to live nearby
D. stop birds from hitting windows by mistake
7. The underlined phrase “prey on” in paragraph 3 probably means “_____”
A. drive away B. live with
C. hunt down D. fight with