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高考英语语法:形容词—形容词的分类

形容词的分类 1. 描述形容词:表示性质、颜色、大小和状态等的形容词。 He bought some new books.他买了一些新书。These books are...

形容词的分类

1. 描述形容词:表示性质、颜色、大小和状态等的形容词。 

He bought some new books.他买了一些新书。

These books are new.这些书是新的。

She wrote the letter with blue ink.她用蓝墨水写了那封信。

The ink is blue.这墨水是蓝色的。

There is a big bell in the room.房间里有座大钟。 

2. 物质形容词:由物质名词充当或由物质名词转换而成。 

This glass disk looks very fragile.这个玻璃盘子看起来很容易碎。

It's a glassy substance.这是一种像玻璃一样光滑的物质。

We saw a grass snake yesterday.我们昨天看见了一条游蛇。

They are lying on a grassy lawn.他们躺在绿草如茵的草坪上。

Some gold coins were dug out from the ground.几枚金币从地下挖了出来。

3. 数量形容词

不定数量形容词:不定代词之后接名词时即成为不定数量形容词。(基数词、序数词、倍数词)

We got there without any trouble.我们顺利到达。

His cardinal idea is that all people should be equal.他的基本观点是人人都应平等。

The family lived in misery for several years.这家人过了几年的痛苦生活。

We'll see some friends tomorrow.我们明天将去看一些朋友。

She speaks a little French.她会讲一点法语。

No words can express my grief.我的忧伤无法表达。

A person has one head and one neck.人有一个头和一个脖子。

A square has four corners.正方形有四个角。

He owes me one hundred yuan.他欠我100元。

Please accent the first syllable.请重读第一个音节。

I read the letter more carefully the second time.我第二次看信时更仔细了。

I got the third prize in the race.我在赛跑中得了三等奖。

On second thoughts,he accepted her invitation.经过再三考虑后,他接受了她的邀请。

The river is half a mile across.江面宽半英里。

Half the apples are bad.一半苹果是坏的。

They bought a double bed.他们买了一张双人床。

This machine serves a double purpose.这部机器有双重用途。

My husband's salary is triple/treble mine.我丈夫的薪水是我的3倍。 

4. 专有形容词:由专有名词转换而成,如地名、国名等。 

He is a Chinese ambassador.他是中国的大使。

Kyoto was the cradle of Japanese culture.京都是日本文化的发源地。

He was born in Shanghai;he is a Shanghai man.他生于上海;他是个上海人。 

5. 物主形容词:包括人称代词的所有格(即物主形容词)和名词的所有格。 

My room is just above.我的房间就在楼上。

Acquaint him with your plans.把你的计划告知他。

We all urged him to go ahead with his plan.我们都鼓励他实施他的计划。

The iron has lost its magnetic force.这块铁已失去了磁力。

The conjuror's magic delighted the children.魔术师的戏法逗乐了孩子们。

6. 指示形容词:指示代词this,that,these,those之后接名词或one/ones时即成为指示形容词。 

This book of Joe's is very amusing.乔的这本书非常有趣。

I dislike man of that type.我不喜欢那一类型的人。

These birds seem unaffected by climate.这些鸟似乎不受气候的影响。

Who are those people?那些人是谁?

I don't like this one,show me another.我不喜欢这个,请让我看看另一个。

This box is twice as large as that one.这个盒子大小是那个盒子的两倍。 

7. 疑问形容词:疑问代词which,whose,what之后接名词或代词时即成为疑问形容词。 

Whose bike is it?这是谁的自行车?

Let me know which train you'll be arriving on.告诉我你们将坐哪一趟车来。

What books have you read on this subject?你读过哪些关于这方面的书?/Which one do you want?你想要哪一个? 

8. 关系形容词:关系代词which,whose,what之后接名词时即成为关系形容词。 

The men whose names were called left the room.那些被叫到名字的人离开了房间。

She spoke to me in Japanese,which language I didn't understand.她用日语跟我说话,但我不懂这种语言。

Do you give her what money you had?你把你所有的钱都给了她吗? 

9. 副词形容词:由副词充当,这类词较少。 

The ball here is mine.这儿的这个球是我的。

That's my coat;yours is here.那是我的大衣,你的在这儿。

He caught the up train.他赶上了上行的火车。

Overall industrial production was up compared with last year.与去年相比,整个工业产值上升了很多。 

10. 动词形容词:由动词转换而成,即动名词、现在分词及过去分词。 

In spring we uncover the swimming pool.春天我们移去游泳池的覆盖物。

Humanity in bathing suits covered the sand.海滩上全是穿着泳装的人。

There is running water in the kitchen and the bathroom.厨房和卫生间都有自来水。

Brewer is a very interesting man.布鲁尔是一个很有趣的人。

The police intercepted the flight of the escaped criminal and put him back in jail.警察把越狱的罪犯拦截并押回监狱。

The frightened girl ran out of the room.那个受惊的女孩跑出了房间。

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