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高考英语语法:形容词—形容词的位置

形容词的位置 1. 形容词作定语通常放在它所修饰的名词前面。 We were amused with the beautiful scenery.那美丽的景色使我们感到快...

形容词的位置

1. 形容词作定语通常放在它所修饰的名词前面。 

We were amused with the beautiful scenery.那美丽的景色使我们感到快乐。

He is a black scientist.他是一位黑人科学家。

The blue car overtook ours.那辆蓝色的汽车超过我们的车子。

He is a dangerous person.他是个危险分子。

This problem calls for careful thinking.这个问题需要仔细考虑。

His general state of health is fairly satisfactory.他总的健康状况相当令人满意。 

2. 形容词作定语修饰由some,any,every,no和body,thing,one等构成的复合不定代词时须后置。 

Do you notice anything strange?你注意到有什么异常的事情吗?

He is waiting for something good to turn up.他正期待着情况好转。

Only someone born in the United States can be elected as President.只有在美国出生的人才能当选总统。

In such store you can get nothing cheap.在这种商店你买不到便宜货。 

3. 以-able或-ible结尾的形容词可置于其前有最高级形容词或only等修饰的名词之后。 

This is the best book available.这是最好的一本书。

They're working at the highest speed possible.他们在以尽可能高的速度工作。

He is the only man possible for the position.他是担任该职务的唯一合适人选。

Only books suitable for children are very much in demand.仅适合儿童阅读的书籍现在需求量很大。 

4. 表语形容词作定语时须后置。 

I think he's the mildest man alive.我认为他是世上最和善的人。

Cage alone knows the truth.只有凯奇知道真相。

The boy asleep is his son.正在睡觉的那个男孩是他的儿子。

He was the only boy awake at that time.他是当时唯一醒着的男孩。 

5. 和时间、距离以及重量等单位合用修饰名词时须后置。 

The garden is 25 metres long and 10 metres wide.这个花园有25米长,10米宽。

This is a lake 50 metres deep.这湖深50米。

There's a tree about 30 feet tall in front of our house.我们房前有一棵高约30英尺的树。 

6. 成对的形容词可以后置。 

There was a huge room,simple and beautiful.有一个大房间,简朴而美观。

She has many pencils,blue and red.她有许多铅笔,有蓝的,有红的。

It was an accident pure and simple.这完全是一桩偶然事故。 

7. 形容词短语一般须后置,往往相当于定语从句。 

They had money adequate for the cost of the journey.他们的钱足够这次旅行的费用。

I think he is a man suitable for the job.我认为他是适合做这项工作的人。 

8. 形容词与某些和法律有关的名词搭配时必须后置。 

The elder son is the heir apparent.长子是法定的继承人。

Who is the notary public?谁是公证人?

Jewels are things personal.珠宝是动产。

Estate is things real.地产是不动产。 

9. 某些过去分词用作形容词时必须后置。 

The leaders concerned attended the meeting.有关领导参加了这次会议。

The problem discussed is very important.讨论过的问题很重要。

Our university consists of 23 departments,two research institutes included.我们大学有23个系,包括两个研究所。

The report will give you an idea of the problems involved.这份报告将使你对所涉及的一些问题有所了解。 

10. 有些形容词用作非限制性定语时可后置。 

The man,silent,stood beside her.这个男人一声不吭地站在她旁边。

The man,nervous,opened the letter.这个男人神情紧张地拆开信。 

11. 有些形容词习惯后置。 

He is Smith Junior.他是小史密斯。

The members present came from different parts of the country.在座的各位成员来自全国各地。

His background is a trifle dubious.他的背景不大可靠。 

12. 英语中有些形容词既可作前置定语,也可作后置定语,含义不变。这类形容词有:past,positive,total,following,preceding等。 

These things happened in past years/in years past. 这些事情都发生在过去的年代里。

Answer the following questions/questions following.回答下列问题。 

13. 英语中有些形容词既可作前置定语,也可作后置定语,但含义不同。这类形容词有:absent,concerned,involved,present,proper,responsible等。 

the present members现在的成员

the members present 当时在场的成员

the responsible man 可依赖的人

the man responsible 负责人

a story with an involved plot 情节过分复杂的故事

the problem involved 有关的问题

the secretary-general 秘书长

the general secretary总书记 

14. 后置形容词有时可有两个以上。 

Never had I seen a face so happy,sweet and radiant.我从未见过如此幸福、甜美、容光焕发的面孔。

15. 有多个形容词修饰名词时,它的次序大致为:限定词(包括冠词、物主代词、指示代词、不定代词等)→数词→描绘性形容词(短词在前,长词在后)→表特征的形容词(包括大小、形状、新旧、年龄等,次序也大致如此,但不甚固定)→表颜色的形容词→表类属的形容词(包括专有形容词和表材料质地的形容词)+名词性定语(包括动名词)+名词。 

Mike is a weak small spare old man.迈克是一个瘦弱的小老头。

The first beautiful little white Chinese stone bridge had seven arches.这第一座美丽的中国小白石桥有7个拱洞。

A few new major urban highways run parallel with the railway.有几条新的主要城区的公路与那条铁路是平行的。

That day she put on a pretty purple silk dress.那天,她穿上了一件漂亮的紫绸连衣裙。

It's a useful green plastic box.这是一个实用的大绿色塑料盒子。

Her husband was a tall intelligent young Chinese officer.她丈夫是一个聪慧的个子很高的年轻的中国军官。

She bought some sour green eating apples.她买了一些酸的绿色的食用苹果。

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